Dream of the Red Chamber by Cao Xueqin


“Dream of the Red Chamber,” also known as “The Story of the Stone,” is a Chinese classic novel written by Cao Xueqin during the 18th century Qing Dynasty. It is considered one of the greatest works of Chinese literature and is often referred to as a pinnacle of Chinese fiction. The novel revolves around the lives of the Jia family, whose declining fortunes mirror the decline of the Qing Dynasty itself. Set against the backdrop of a wealthy aristocratic family, the story explores themes of love, morality, societal norms, and the transient nature of life and wealth.

Chapter Summaries

Chapter 1: Introduction

The novel opens with the mythical Stone, which is brought from heaven to Earth by a Taoist monk. The Stone possesses supernatural properties and represents the essence of the novel’s theme. It is destined to be part of the Jia family’s garden.

Chapter 2: Family Background

The Jia family is introduced, residing in the magnificent Rongguo Mansion in Beijing. The family consists of Grandmother Jia, her three sons, and their respective wives and children. The focus is on Jia Baoyu, the family’s adolescent heir, and Lin Daiyu, his sickly and artistic cousin. Baoyu and Daiyu develop a deep bond, setting the foundation for their complex relationship.

Chapter 3: The Riddle and the Precious Jade

Baoyu receives a jade stone from a servant girl, called Daiyu’s “imperial concubine.” The stone contains a riddle, and Baoyu, Daiyu, and his other cousin, Xue Baochai, attempt to solve it. The riddle is symbolic, foreshadowing the intricate relationships among the three cousins and the impending conflicts they will face.

Chapter 4: The Crimson Pearl Flower

Baoyu’s grandmother arranges his marriage to Xue Baochai, but Baoyu has no interest in marriage. Instead, he forms a deep bond with Daiyu, who is hurt by the marriage proposal. Daiyu plants a crimson pearl flower in the garden to symbolize her sadness.

Chapter 5: The Riddle’s Solution

The riddle is solved when Baoyu rearranges the jade pieces, spelling out Daiyu’s name. This deepens the bond between Baoyu and Daiyu and creates tension with Baochai, who is also in love with Baoyu.

Chapter 6: Baochai’s Birthday

Baoyu celebrates Baochai’s birthday, and they engage in playful banter and poetry recitation. However, Baoyu remains distant due to his feelings for Daiyu, causing some distress among family members.

Chapter 7: The Peony Pavilion

Baoyu dreams of a beautiful fairy who takes him to the Peony Pavilion, where he falls in love with a painted image of a maid named Black Jade. The dream serves as a metaphor for his inner conflicts and desires.


“Dream of the Red Chamber” is a masterpiece that weaves an intricate tapestry of human emotions, societal norms, and the transient nature of life. The novel’s exploration of the Jia family’s decline mirrors the decline of the Qing Dynasty, making it a profound reflection of Chinese society during that era.

The complex relationships between the characters, especially the love triangle involving Baoyu, Daiyu, and Baochai, demonstrate the intricacies of human emotions and the conflicts arising from societal expectations and individual desires. The novel’s use of symbols, like the mythical Stone and the riddles, adds layers of depth to the storytelling.

“Dream of the Red Chamber” stands as a timeless classic, not only for its literary brilliance but also for its profound exploration of human nature, morality, and the impermanence of worldly wealth and pleasures. As readers delve into the lives of the Jia family and their struggles, they are confronted with universal themes that continue to resonate with audiences across cultures and generations.

From the book:-
Dream of the Red Chamber by Cao Xueqin

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